High cholesterol level is a silent disease that offers no early warning. Most people first discover the problem during a routine physical exam with a blood test.
Everyone aged 20 and older should have their cholesterol measured at least once in every 5 years. It is best to have a blood test called a lipid profile to find out your cholesterol numbers. This blood test is done after a 9 to12-hour fast and shows the following outcome:
Total cholesterol LDL (bad) cholesterol- it is the main source of cholesterol buildup and blockage in the arteries.
HDL (good) cholesterol- it helps to keep cholesterol store in liver and prevent from building up in the arteries. Triglycerides (TG) – another form of fat in our blood. If your Total Cholesterol is 200 mg/dL or more or if your HDL(Good Cholestrol) is less than 40 mg/dL, you will need to have a lipoprotein profile done. See how your cholesterol numbers compare to the tables below.
Total cholesterol Level —
Less than 200 mg/dL is desireable
200-239 mg/dL is treated as borderline high; and
240 mg/dL and above are cosidered high.
On the other hand —
LDL(Bad) Cholesterol Level – LDL-Cholesterol Category
Less than 100 mg/dL – Optimal
100-129 mg/dL – Near optimal/above optimal 130-159 mg/dL – Borderline high
160-189 mg/dL – High
190 mg/dL and above – Very high
HDL (good) cholesterol protects against heart disease, so for HDL, higher numbers are better. A level less than 40 mg/dL is low and is considered a major risk factor because it increases your threat for developing heart disease. HDL (good cholesterol) levels of 60 mg/dL or more help to lower your risk for heart disease. Triglycerides can also raise heart disease risk. Levels that are borderline high (150-199 mg/dL) or high (200 mg/dL or more) may need treatment.
Source: The Daily Star